Single Party Government

Single Party Government Vs Coalition Government which one will be voters favourite; this is the million dollar question and from nukkar to MNCs offices everyone is discussing who will form government this year.

India is a democratic country. In India, as well as other democratic nations such as Australia, France, Germany and Italy, there are multiple political parties with significantly high level of support. Specifically in India, due to high diversity, there is a possibility that no party can gain more than 30% of the votes as per the requirement of the national assembly. As a result, there is a need that several parties come together to form the government. This is called a coalition government and is accomplished usually under the leadership of the leader of the party with maximum support. In other countries such as Japan, UK and the USA, however, the number of political parties being less, the need for coalition government does not arise.

Why having a Single party is better?

Single party governments bring longevity and stability. Italy, for instance, has had an average of more than 1 government per year since 1945. Coalition governments are often unstable and collapse in regular intervals. This leads to restrictions in implementation of said reforms as leaders and ministers keep on changing without anyone staying long enough at the office to meet demands of the people or to live up to their manifestos and propositions. The single party government is more focused on addressing the needs of the people that brought it into power. This can be observed in case of China’s government, where immense growth is being achieved merely through quick declaration and implementation of policies.

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What makes Coalition government preferable?

Coalition government represents a broad spectrum of public opinions as compared to a single party. More so, in a secular country like India, this represents a more democratic and fairer government. Also, the coalition government represents a majority of voters and therefore, their views and interests are taken care of in the political decision making. Also, the greater number of parties gives voters more honest choices and brings out differences of opinion out in the open for debate. This facilitates a more transparent government and also makes formation of new parties or division of parties easier.Single party governments are more likely to impose narrow ideologies and policies upon people. In times of historic or difficult decisions, the consent of a wide range of opinions and interests is important, which is possible by means of a coalition government. Examples of such decisions can be membership of EU, NATO, wartime decisions, and so on.


Concluding remarks

Concentration of power in the hands of a single individual may lead to undemocratic decisions as was in case of Indira Gandhi.  However, coalitions may consist of parties which try to suppress democratic environment of a country. With India under consideration, coalition governments have never worked before. Also, every political party in India has its own interests and motives behind forming a government. Due to the regional diversity in India, multiple parties cannot gel well enough to focus on the big picture of the nation’s governance. Hence, in my opinion, single party government is a better alternative keeping the nation’s growth in mind.

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