Essay on Caste based Politics is one of the most asked topics now a days. India as a country, has been divided on the basis of caste, creed and religion since times immemorial. One of the implications of the caste system prevalent in the country is the reservation system, which involves reserving a certain percentage of seats for education or jobs in government institutions, for people belonging to backward communities or the minorities. These include quotas set aside for scheduled castes (SC), scheduled tribes (ST) and other backward classes (OBC) and these are governed by the Constitution as well as the local rules and regulations.
At the onset 15% vacancy for SC and 7.5% vacancy for ST candidates was announced. This reservation was said to last for 5 years in public sector and government jobs, and in government educational institutions. Since then the Parliament has continued to extend reservations, and now reservation is more tied to vote bank politics. Reservations is now extend to all other backward classes as well. Reservation is not based on merit.
The current reservation system keeps 13% of vacancies in government sector reserved for SC, 7.5 % for ST and 27.5% for OBC. This implies that these economically and socially weaker sectors of the society get better opportunities to uplift their economic as well as social status, making it the biggest benefit of this system for the underprivileged. These reservations not only apply to job opportunities but also admissions in colleges, universities and government run educational institutions, which means that students belong to the backward classes have been given an extra advantage to come up with higher education. As a consequence, the reservation system opens new doors of opportunities for such people and gives them a chance to build a better future for themselves as well as their coming generations.
The system replace merit in certain circumstances, when meritorious candidates are deprived of the jobs or admissions so that candidates of backward classes are accommodated as per the reservation system. Moreover, the system is confined to government institutions and firms, while those in the private sector are still beyond the reach of people belonging to the backward classes, either because they lack the skills needed to enter these firms or institutions or they are not financially sound enough to afford them.
It has an overall negative impact on the productive workforce of the country by ignoring the people with true potential and giving people opportunities on the basis of caste rather than merit.
The reservation policy is never assessed for fairness, it is simply a means of corrupt political parties to stay ahead of the voting race.
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