Equal Pay for Equal Work ; this is the norm people are looking from Corporates and Governments entities in order to remove Gender discrimination and install beliefs in human performance rather than sex matters. The gender pay gap is the difference between male and female earnings. This difference is expressed as a percentage of male earnings. The gender pay gap reduces women’s lifetime earnings and also affects their pensions, this is one of the significant causes of poverty in later life for women.
Men are not supposed to be paid more for performing a particular job just because they are men. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 made it a legal federal requirement that pay scales for identical work be the same regardless of whether the employee doing the labor is male or female. If a woman works the same hours, performs the same tasks, and has to meet the same goals for her employer as a man does, she is entitled to equal pay.
Though the gender pay gap is gradually decreasing over time, there have also been recent reversals in progress on this issue. In 2013, compared to the previous year, the average pay of women working full-time fell by0.9% to 84.3%. For all workers, both part-time and full-time – the gender pay gap was 19.1 % in 2013.
The wage gap is a harsh reality for women, regardless of education and work experience and it only gets worse as women’s careers progress. The wage gap typically translates into more than Rs. 10,000 per year in lost earnings for women.
The Equal Pay Act does not make it compulsory that jobs held by men and women must be identical for purposes of receiving the same pay, but they should be “similar,” which is a governmental way of saying that each performs much the same duties regardless of job title.
The gender pay gap is a complex issue with many causes, which are often inter-related.
Direct discrimination explains why women sometimes still earn less than men – when women are paid less than men for doing the same job. But because of the success of equality legislation over the years, this factor only explains a limited part of the gender pay gap.
Women and men still tend to work in different types of jobs. Not only does society consider jobs to be gendered, that is, men’s jobs and women’s jobs, but such work is also given a different value. Another reason why occupational segregation effects gender pay gap is that women often work in sectors where wages are, on average, lower than in jobs that are dominated by men.
Traditions and stereotypes may also influence the choice of educational paths and employment patterns. Research shows that school career services often encourage girls and boys into traditionally gendered occupations.
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